Hernia develops when a piece of tissue, or organ, protrudes through a weakness in the muscles which make up the wall of the abdomen. This results in a bulge (hernia) appearing in the abdomen, or groin.
Types of Hernia
- Inguinal hernia occurs when tissue (usually part of the intestines) pushes through your lower abdomen.
- Femoral hernia occurs when tissue pushes through into your groin, or the top of your inner thigh.
- Umbilical hernia occurs when tissue pushes through the part of the abdomen near to the navel (belly button).
- Incisional hernia occurs when tissue pushes through a surgical scar.
Hernias usually present as swelling accompanied by pain or a dragging sensation in the groin.
Surgery is generally recommended for all hernias to avoid complications such as strangulation, in which a loop of intestine becomes tightly trapped in a hernia, cutting off the blood supply to that part of the intestine. Surgery may not be needed if the hernia is small and not causing any symptoms.
The best method of repairing a hernia is to reinforce the weakness with a ‘mesh’. This mesh can be placed either by keyhole operation or open operation.
Wales Hernia Centre is a specialist service dedicated to diagnosis and treatment of all types of hernias. WHC is directed by Ashraf Rasheed, a graduate and a fellow of the College of Surgeons in Ireland with many years of experience in conventional (open) and laparoscopic (keyhole) hernia repair.